Hydropower Scenarios for the Alps
Hydropower is considered one of the most promising sources of renewable energy in the Alps. With many new plants currently being planned, it is vital to consider not only the cost of their construction and associated infrastructure, but also their likely impact on Alpine ecosystem services.
Hydropower in the Alps currently accounts for around 100 terawatt hours E05-001 of energy per year (TWh/a). Modelling carried out by EURAC has shown that an additional 80 TWh/a could be achieved. However, restricting the construction of new power stations to locations outside protected areas such as national and regional parks, Natura 2000 or world heritage sites, reduces the additional potential to 35TWh/a.
Using ”BeWhere”, an economic modelling tool for renewable energy 400-051 optimisation (www.iiasa.ac.at/bewhere), IIASA researchers further analysed the EURAC results. Their findings indicate that an economically and environmentally viable mixture of smaller and larger hydro-power stations across all Alpine countries might reach 10TWh/a. However, if more buy Windows 10 Enterprise Key stringent regulations (i.e. carbon taxing) were introduced the potential 810-403 additional capacity might stay clearly below 10TWh/a.
IIASA researcher Sylvain Leduc presented the potential for hydropower 070-464 in the Alps at the World Water Week in Stockholm, Sweden in September 2014. The session was live-streamed on the buy Windows 7 Professional SP1
Guardian Web site.